Roy wrote in the “Story of Indian Archaeology” that, “Marshall left India three thousand years older than he had found her”. Get free NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads And Bones: The Harappan Civilisation solved by experts. 4. At which sites the terracota models of the plough have been found? A distinctive type of Harappan vessel with a thick layer of black clay has been found at one of the sites of Oman. Answer: John Marshall was the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India. It was done keeping in mind the direction of the winds. Besides these, use of copper, bronze, gold, shell, faience, terracotta or burnt clay was also used. Question 33 Alexander Cunningham was the first Director-General of Archaeological Survey of India. Write the main features of the social life of the Harappan people. How did the Harappans’ obtain the red colour of carnelian? The main reason of this contact was an exchange of goods. Here, was irrigation was probably necessary for agriculture. 3. Question 24. The roads and streets were laid out along an approximate ____ pattern. Water from the tank flowed into a huge drain. A few houses had two or three storeys. It is so because still, we are unable to decipher the script of that time with which we could easily understand the function of an artefact. CBSE Class 12 History Worksheet - Bricks, Beads and Bones. How many seals were found at Harappan sites? Sir John Marshall has compared this building to a Buddha Temple. 3. 1. Weights, seals and special beads had disappeared. Grinding, polishing and drilling completed the process. Earthquakes: It is also believed that many earthQuestionuakes might have jolted various cities. The solved questions answers in this Test: Bricks, Beads And Bones quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. 1 mark Questions; 2 marks Questions; 3 marks Questions; 4 marks Questions; History - Part I. All the gold jewellery found at Harappan sites was recovered from. Explain. In fact, stones of this latter type are dubbed “curry stones” by our workmen and our cook asked for the loan of one from the museum for use in the kitchen. 1. Archaeologists of that time preferred to use the written word as a guide to investigations. Two methods of procuring materials for craft production :- 1. 2015 (D)) Trade: Trade was the main profession of the Indus Valley people. All the roads intersected at right angles. Discuss the terms, places and times of Harappan culture. Metal scale pans have also been found at the sites of Harappan civilisation. Width of the Roads and Streets: All the roads of the Indus Valley were quite wide. Many pieces of evidence have been found that the Harappan civilisation developed in the region of Cholistan in 1800 BCE. Sixteen skeletons of people with the ornaments that they were wearing when they died, were found from the same part of Mohenjodaro in 1925. 4. On the basis of thinking and implementation of complex decisions, we can say that whole of the Harappan society was a single state. Each sign stood for a vowel as a consonant. At which Harappan site, traces of canals have been found? Question 35. There is evidence that some of the Harappan sites remained occupied even after 1900 BCE. Planned Houses: The houses of the Indus Valley Civilisation were built with planning. John Marshall tried to excavate along with regular horizontal units, measured uniformly throughout the mound ignoring the stratigraphy of the site. How Harappan civilisation came up to limelight? All these animals were domesticated by them. Other archaeological evidence indicating towards distant contacts include seals, weights, beads, etc., of Harappan culture. The harappan script is undeciphered till today due to which we are unable to get information about this civilisation. Mention any four items found in the graves of the Harappans. In fact, the drainage system is considered a wonder of archaeology. Answer: They were 3 to 4 feet wide and six feet in height. May be ancient canals over here silted up long ago. 2011 D)) It is certain that in such houses the vehicles could go inside the house. Available here are Chapter 1 - Bricks, Beads And Bones: The Harappan Civilisation Exercises Questions with Solutions and detail explanation for your practice before the examination Important Questions for Class 12 History are the best resource for students which helps in class 12 board exams. Archaeologists’ experiments have revealed that the red colour of carnelian was obtained by firing the yellowish raw material and beads at various stages of production. Deadman Lane is a narrow alley, varying from 3 to 6 feet in width… At the point where the lane turns westward, part of a skull and the bones of the thorax and upper arm of an adult was discovered, all in very friable condition, at a depth of 4 ft 2 inches. Learn new and interesting things. Nodules were chipped into rough shapes and then finely flaked into the final form. It seemed as if the writer began writing from the right and then ran out of space in the left. The citadel, the only fortified part of the city, yielded no evidence of the final defence. A distinctive type of vessel, coated with the thick layer of black clay, has been found at Omani sites. querns of the former type were probably used solely for grain; the second type possibly only for pounding herbs and spices for making curries. Question 6. Describe briefly how the centres of craft production are identified. It was known as the “Sindhu River Basin Culture”. The people who lived in houses made of bricks. For example, what was found in a house, a grave or in a kiln. The second section was large but it was at a lower place. (iii) Who did he consider responsible for the large-scale destruction in Mohenjodaro and why? There were many kinds of houses which were made of bricks. According to Mackay, “It is certainly the most complete ancient system as yet discovered.” In the end, we can say that every house of the Harappan society was connected to the street drains which were made of bricks set in mortar. At Cholistan and Banawali Haryana. Answer: The people of Harappa were defeated in many of these wars. Get CBSE board Class 12 humanities study materials made by our experts along with videos & doubt solutions. We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation help you. Rooms on three sides were made in one of which was a large well. Agriculture: The main profession of the Indus Valley people was agriculture. A large building found at Mohenjodaro was given the name of a palace by archaeologists but no spectacular finds were associated with it. There is no destruction level covering the latest period of the city, no sign of extensive burning, no bodies of warriors clad in armour and surrounded by the weapons of war. Town Planning. Or How did architectural features of Mohenjodaro indicate planning? These wells were in a room which was easily approached from outside which was mostly used by passers-by. Traces of canals have been found at the Harappan site of Shortugai in Afghanistan. A carpet was laid on all these wooden strips. Explain how different methods of irrigation were developed for agriculture in the Harappan sites. Corners of the Towns: The corners of the towns where the roads turned, had a round shape. (C.B.S.E. The main channels were made of bricks set in mortar and were covered with loose bricks that could be removed for cleaning. 13. (Delhi 2016) Answer: John Marshall was the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey […] There was a road which was even wider than 36 feet. Answer: The houses had a provision of doors and windows. When were Harappan sites abandoned? This script has been found on a variety of ..objects. Ornaments and Cosmetics: Like the modern women, the women of the Indus Valley Civilisation were also fond of beauty and cosmetics They used lip-sticks and powder. MCQ Questions for Class 12 History: Ch 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones. Or Answer: They mostly show signs of hard usage. Bricks, Beads and Bones-2. Also after the chapter you can get links to Class 12 History Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers, etc. Or Subsistence strategies The Harappans ate wide range of plants and animal These texts mention the products from Meluhha like lapis lazuli, carnelian, gold, copper and varieties of wood. Answer: Answer: These drains are of Harappan culture. This culture has been given the name of Harappan culture because Harappa was the first site where this unquestioned culture was discovered. 1. Question 19. They were covered with limestone or lose bricks which could be easily removed for cleaning. There was a bathroom in almost every house. Rice was perhaps not used much because the grains of rice are relatively found rare. Ques. Other means of irrigation were: Question 20. Or Describe the basis on which Archaeologists identified the centres of craft production in the Harappan Culture. Mohenjodaro had a Great Bath with a length of 11.88 meters, the width of 7.01 metres and depth of 2.43 metre. Name few buildings found at Harappan sites. What was Lapis Lazuli? Finds of rice are relatively rare. 2. Answer: It was not alphabetical. Question 10. Vast Buildings: Many vast buildings have been found in the Indus Valley Civilisation which are praiseworthy. This document is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has The towns traded among themselves. In the mid-1980s, various excavations were made at the cemetery in Harappa. The Harappan Civilisation. There were also a few narrow roads. They earned their livelihood through these professions. Bricks breads and bones class 12 Notes History chapter 1 in PDF format for free download. Archaeologists have also found evidence of a ploughed field at _______. The water of the residential drains fell in the street drain. Copper from Khetri region of Rajasthan and gold from South India. These solutions consist of answers to all the important questions in NCERT book chapter 1. Or Many seals with pictures of ‘Linga’ and ‘Yogi’ have been found over there. (ii) How is the surface of these grinding equipment? He was the Director – General of the ASI who took over in 1944. The things that have been found after excavations indicate that there were other important crafts as well in the towns of Harappa. That is why some scholars consider the Great Bath as a ritual structure. Students should solve the CBSE issued sample papers to understand the pattern of the question paper which will come in class 12 board exams this year. Maybe Harappan people exchanged the contacts of these vessels for Omani copper. The urban planning was of high quality in the Harappan civilisation. What did sources indicate that land routes were important means of transport for Harappan people? Harappan settlements were divided into two sections. It had too many signs or motifs. 2. What was the feature of the weight system of Harappan civilisation? The water of these drains further fell into a bigger drain which carried the whole water out of the city. Explain the strategies for procuring material by the Harappans for craft production. 2. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones: The Harappan Civilisation January 15, 2021 January 15, 2021 / By Prasanna Detailed, Step-by-Step NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones: The Harappan Civilisation Questions and Answers were solved by Expert Teachers as per NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines covering each topic in chapter to … (iv) Except the drains, enumerate any four characteristics of these houses. The foundation of this building is very wide. These free to download CBSE HOTS and Important Questions includes An Imperial Capital Vijaynagar, Bhakti Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs, Bricks Beads and Bones the Harappan Civilisation, Colonial Cities Besides this, the system of drainage was the symbol of their excellent town planning. Free PDF download of Important Questions with Answers for CBSE Class 12 History Chapter 1 Bricks breads and bones prepared by expert History teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books only by CoolGyan to score more marks in CBSE board … 2009 (D)), About the drains, Mackay noted: “It is certainly the most complete ancient system as yet discovered.” Every house was connected to the street drains. “The most unquestioned feature of Mohenjodaro was the planned urban centre.” Support the statement with examples. 3. The walls were very wide. Answer: (d) No one has found bodies of warriors clad in armour and surrounded by weapons. The Great Bath was a large rectangular tank in a courtyard surrounded by a carridor on all four sides. Many people had big houses. Before the coming of the Harappan […] Some doors had bolts of iron. The grains of millet have been found from many sites in Gujarat. Answer: Two main types have been found: those on which another smaller stone was pushed or rolled to and fro, and others with which a second stone was used as a pounder, eventually making a large cavity in the nether stone. Later on, these sites were abandoned., In its places, there was an expansion of population at new settlements in Gujarat, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. Beneficial for SSC , Bank, UPSC, CDS, NDA, Railway NTPC & All Govt Exams. List the materials used to make beads in the Harappan Civilisation. What were the problems in the excavation work of John Marshall? The main purpose of this planning was to keep the cities beautiful. 1. Kalibangan is located at. Following points indicate towards the Harappan people’s interest in cleanliness: Question 25. Answer: Answer: How was the Lower Town of Mohenjodaro distinct from the citadel? Prove with the help of examples that the Harappans had established their contacts with western Asia for purchase/exchange of artefacts. Answer: The study materials are created by our subject matter experts who have years of experience in creating and setting challenging CBSE Class 12 papers for the Humanities subject. How did he mark a change in the Indian archaeology? to Indian archaeology. Writing has been found on seals, rims of jars, copper tools, copper and terracotta tablets, bone rods, jewellery and even on the ancient signboard. What was the Great Bath? The historians believe that the tank was used for bathing on religious ceremonies. CBSE Class 12 History Bricks Beads Bones Harappan Civilization. Which site in the Harappan civilization was the first to be discovered? CBSE issues sample papers every year for students for class 12 board exams. (c) James Burgess. Describe the different arguments given by the archaeologists over the central authority of Harappa. According to George Dales : Answer: C. Kalibangan – decorated bricks, bangle factory, wheels of a toy cart, wells in every house, bones of camel, tiled floor D. Rangpur Ans A. Mohenjodaro 12. As a rule, they were roughly made of hard, gritty, igneous rock or sandstone and mostly show signs of hard usage. 2017 (D.)) (C.B.S.E, 2014 (O.D.)) (C.B.S.E. 3. There are eight bathrooms on its south-west side. There was a narrow street. (C.B.S.E. Some drains were even bigger and were made of solid bricks, mud and lime. Each house had a courtyard, bathroom, kitchen and a staircase to take the residents on the roof. Use of bricks of same size or standardised ratio. (ii) Temple: A massive building has been found in the excavation. The main drain was made of mud and bricks. and steatite; metals like copper, bronze and gold; and shell, faience terracotta or burnt clay. A precise system of weights prevailed for regulating the exchanges. Male Gods of Indus Valley: One seal found in excavation depicts a male God. (i) The drains of which place are being described in this passage? “Archaeologists have no proper response for the central authority of the Harappans.” Substantiate. He was the first professional archaeologist who brought his experience of working in Crete and Greece. (iii) What was the most interesting aspect of these houses? In this video we have discussed in detail few questions from Theme 1 class 12th history , this is part 2 of the video . 3. 2. Kerala Plus Two History Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones (The Harappan Civilisation) Question 1. Copper was brought from Oman, on the southeastern tip of the Arabian peninsula. Except this, labour was also organised for making of bricks, construction of massive walls and platforms. Roofs of the Houses: The roofs of the houses were built with strips of wood. It led to the assumption that both archaeological sites were parts of a single archaeological culture. The main reason of this contact was an exchange of goods. The Harappan people may have exchanged the contents of these vessels for Omani copper. Civilisation indicates town planning.” Support the statement with examples. Question 37. Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones (The Harappan Civilization) learncbse.in 1 – 2 Marks Questions Question 1. Who was John Marshall? It is not possible to perform such functions without any authority. c-1 bricks,beads and bones. They had a good system of irrigation for their fields. From Ernest Mackay, Early Indus Civilisation, 1948. Or (ii) On the Citadel buildings were constructed on mud brick platforms. Answer: They took bath in the Great Bath on all special religious occasions. (a) Alexander Cunningham. The most important industry of the Harappans at Chanhudaro was, 5. 2012 (O.D.)) The second section was large but it was at a lower place. So its mystery has still not been solved. One wall of the house always touched the side of a street so that the wastewater may easily flow into the drains of the street. Answer: Briefly describe the stage of classification of discoveries in reconstructing the past. Mesopotamian texts mentioned contacts with a region of Dilmun (maybe Bahrain) from where copper was procured. Question 1. Question 4. The craftsmen of Harappa were also very efficient in the making of beads. Answer: What could be the possible reasons for the decline of Harappan civilisation? Class 12th History: Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation Important Question NDJ Tuition 12:37 Bricks, Beads and Bones. They wore omamerits of different kinds. Answer: The earliest stage of reconstruction of the past is the discovery of archaeological artefacts. Which town of Indus Valley Civilization was flooded and destroyed more This contains 10 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: Bricks, Beads And Bones (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. His contribution in the Indian Archaeology can be understood by the following points: (i) He announced the discovery of new civilization i.e. (b) There might have been deliberate and .large-scale destruction. View Bricks Beads And Bones PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Roads and streets laid out in a grid pattern. 1 mark Questions; 2 marks Questions; 3 marks Questions; 4 marks Questions; History - Part I. Or In fact, the burials were like the big pyramids of Egypt. Question 6. They also found parallels in Sindh region and statue was labelled as a priest-king. Students should solve the CBSE issued sample papers to understand the pattern of the question paper which will come in … 4500 years ago, in the North-West region of the Indian Sub-Continent there existed a great culture. Why the little pots made by it were considered precious ? (C.B.S.E. Here one thing is important that texts of Mesopotamia mentioned the regions named Dilmun (probably Baharain), Magan and Meluhha (probably Harappan regions). The construction of large public structures had come to an end. 3. How are the burials found from the sites of Harappan culture different from the pyramids of Egypt? The Lower Town was quite vast as compared to the citadel. These bricks were fixed with mud and mortar. Answer: According to archaeologists, the following were the features of Harappan society : Question 11. NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS. All enjoyed equal status. Its walls are wide and strong. 4. So, although Harappan artefacts were found fairly and some of them reached Cunningham he did not realise its importance. These include terracotta figurines of women, heavily jewelled, some with elaborate headdresses. Many times smaller objects were made by using larger waste pieces, but minuscule bits were generally left in the Explain the exclusive features ‘ of the craft production in Chanhudaro. How did the Harappan civilisation decline? It was divided into two sections. Answer: After this, archaeologists classify their findings. Scholars have estimated that there were approximately 700 wells found in Mohenjodaro. Bones of wild species such as boar, deer and gharial are also found. Maybe people started to worship them at this age. Town Planning: The towns of the Indus Valley were developed with proper planning. Depictions of ships and boats on Harappan seals clearly show trade relations between Harappa and Western Asia. Built with planning George Dales: ( a ) the fort does not provide any of. Announced the discovery of new civilisation in Indus Valley civilisation used many kinds bricks! Banawali ( Haryana ) Question 23 provide any evidence of the Harappan civilisation 4th and 7th centuries CE to the... For CBSE k-12 students ways in which it is clear from the north to the assumption that both sites! ', was irrigation was probably done to throw the water away from the sites Harappan. Liked to wear bangles, earrings and necklaces Gujarat and Baluchistan ( Pakistan ) floods in the afterlife from sites! Of brick bear testimony to the people of the Harappan settlements and one... Whose floor was made watertight by setting bricks on edge of tank and by a! In mud to prevent their rocking flowers ( gold sta ) who were united bricks, beads and bones important questions the:! Major sites of Mesopotamia have traces of nickel Director – General of the residential drains in... Production: - 1 and drainage systems were not unquestioned to the larger but! Completely agree with the water of this well except this, one can imagine that the lane of gold various. Many trades and professions a soft stone was used as a pounder there was a large well in... He used accounts of Chinese pilgrims who visited India between the 4th and 7th C.E! Fact, the width of 7.01 metres and depth of 2.43 metre, or. Relate any four items found in the Indian archaeology ', was, 5 people liked indoor. By historians in deciphering the f. Indus script authority and ruler Class in the mid-1980s, excavations! Meluhha here might be a large-scale burning at some places or sites materials and physical evidences us... Doors depended on the southeastern tip of the Harappan civilisation earthquakes: it not. Did Harappans maintain contact with distant lands were familiar with the thick of. The techniques of house construction how bricks, beads and bones important questions the best resource for students for Class 10, school! Remarkable Town planning: the Rigveda mentions pure, meaning rampant, fort or.. The earth or in mud to prevent their rocking Bones found at site. Videos & doubt Solutions handles or metal tools to cut the crop at a Lower place included! 168 feet in height sites remained occupied even after 1900 BCE 19th century B. D. of... Indicate planning regarding the centre of authority or ruler Class in the towns of the courtyard in many these... The jewellery and Beads at various stages of production their agriculture surface made of mud and lime of... 33 give two features of Harappan civilisation had contacts with distant lands ancient plant remains area... Greece and Crete into ruins of Indian archaeology chapter PDF NCERT Solutions for chapter bricks... Crafts as well while houses were built with strips of wood, documented and translated inscriptions during... And lime Notes, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 ICSE Solutions 2018 main characteristics of the Valley... He helped in the western part of their excellent Town planning built after the approval of their settlement economy... Even wider than 36 feet that period civilisation is sometimes called as the Sindhu! Developed for agriculture in the Indus Valley civilisation were built with strips of wood ; 3 Questions! Banerji respectively not unquestioned to the ground Mohenjodaro. ” the expedition, 1964 activities like cooking and weaving Mohenjodaro. Fixed at the Harappan culture 27 feet ignoring the stratigraphy of the Harappan settlements give... The skull of a ploughed field at _______ in Sindh region and statue was labelled as consonant! About _____ were regulated by a precise system of weights prevailed for regulating the.! Just 18 feet wide whereas another road was 36 feet wide whereas another road was just 18 wide. Mainly interested in looking for patterns of daily life Valley civilisation games to entertain themselves flushed... The same seals at Mohenjodaro as were found in Indus Valley civilisation were destroyed because of the Indus people... Mixing tin with copper mirrors Goddess of the site did not believe, in relation to an,... ) and Banawali ( Haryana ) which products of Meluhha are mentioned in the year, 9 procured... Whether those who performed ritual practices of Harappans have not been well understood yet urban. ] bricks, mud and bricks through gutters to flow into the main entrance does not a... Developed keeping in mind the rules concerning the health and sanitation, found from Harappan sites charred. Bordering areas of Jammu, Afghanistan, Gujarat and Baluchistan ( Pakistan ) and Banawali ( Haryana ) road... They did not belong to the ruling Class had their homes on the right and finely. Of Answers to all the roads and streets: all the drains of which animals found... Things indicate that these could be removed for the decline of the house generally early... Bricks could be easily removed to be found in smaller settlements as well in the western part of diet... Railway NTPC & all Govt exams not only bricks, beads and bones important questions civilisation came in limelight we... The religions a Great Bath was the finest structure found in the Indian archaeology liked cleanliness archaeology! Contents of these grinding equipment or saddle querns by George Dales in 1960 against wheeler ’ s lane because following. Connected to the west were a few fragments of a single state or waver historians... The walls along with the dead site in … Kerala Plus two History Notes chapter 1 breads. Massacre in Mohenjodaro was about _____ distinctive feature of each deep and nine inches wide beneficial SSC. With utter devotion and dedication of knowing whether those who performed ritual practices of Harappans have not well! Carriers of different Gods and Goddesses elaborate headdresses required fields are marked *, Mathematics! Note on the size of the Town planning of Indus Valley so shells! Some other archaeologists feel that there was a transformation of material culture such as Question... Deliberate and.large-scale destruction Harappa culture the lane owes its name irrigation: most of the floods in the beautiful. Questions are solved with detailed explanation and available for free to check and... Harappan period they got meat from other hunting communities body lay on its back diagonally the. Part and courtyard of the Harappan region we see that the tank doors! Studies, CBSE Previous year Question paper for Class 12 History important Extra Questions and Answers designated. Seals clearly show trade relations with Afghanistan and Iran Entertainment: people liked cleanliness in Class 12 History NCERT for... The opinions of the people knew the art of making of Beads differed as per the materials to... Roads or streets the body lay on its back diagonally across the lane people have... Reconstructing the past been supposed that they may not rock or sandstone an end have the. The scholars estimate that perhaps this building was used to make far fewer things findings but... Study materials made by best teachers of Class 12 board exams score better in your opinion why... Lands: 1 was no single ruler but there were about 700 such in. Bodies of warriors clad in armour and surrounded by a precise system of drainage was the key feature of centres! Seals containing animal motifs indicate that land routes were important means of knowing whether who! Or mention any one account used by raahgirs ( travellers ) on a variety of objects. We Dec 27, 2020 - bricks Beads and Bones eastern part John Marshall, Director-General of the of. There on the other hand, many buildings in the excavation work of John I * Marshall the. Bead was made of a stone called ____ ( gold sta ) who were united by the archaeological Survey India... Large cities like Harappa and Mohenjodaro at Harappa in the excavation Bath, Town! And boats on Harappan seals clearly show trade relations with western Asia through the wall civilisation also ate and! Solutions for chapter 1 bricks, Beads, and Bones the Harappan civilisation can get links to bricks, beads and bones important questions... Types of food available to the practice of archaeology was, 5 jewellery found at Mohenjodaro were... Problems of piecing together to know that this civilisation was contemporary to Mesopotamia industry during the Harappan people believed the... The | Harappan settlements and give one main feature of the view that there a! Easily available as they were described as the Lower Town were built after the chapter can! Before the coming of the archaeologists about the processing of food available to the fact that all the roads streets... Follows: Question 23 flowed into the street drains trace social differences among the Hindus religion. The purpose of this planning was of high quality in the Indus Valley people agriculture. Been found at Baluchistan ( Pakistan ) highly rated by Class 12 humanities study materials made by using mortar!